In normal individuals, ear cavity is ventilated by the Eustachian tube and it dysfunction can cause vacuum effect and ear drum retraction. An abnormal growth of skin can develop in the pouch behind the eardrum – this is actually a growth of the skin cells of the eardrum collecting and forming what is called a cholesteatoma. A cholesteatoma can damage bone that is near if not treated, causing dizziness, facial nerve damage, deafness, infection and abscess formation. Tympanomastoidectomy is the surgical procedure to remove cholesteatoma and reconstruct ear drum and ossicles.
What happens during Tympanomastoidectomy surgery?
Under general anesthesia your surgeon will make an incision behind your ear so that the mastoid bone and middle ear can be reached
Any cholesteatoma and infected bone are then removed
Packing will be placed in your ear to help promote healing
The incision site is then closed with stitches and covered with tape
This surgery is usually done in about two to three hours so you should be able to go home the next day after your surgery
Things to do during recovery:
Take the prescribed medication
Keep operated ear dry for 2-3 weeks
Avoid forceful blowing of nose
Avoid swimming and flying in an airplane for 3 weeks
Following are the indications for immediate medical care post-surgery:
Persistent vomiting for over 24 hours post-surgery